New Carlisle:

Sources of Genealogical Information Prior to 1820

By: Raymond Garrett
Acknowledgments :
Sources of Genealogical Information Prior to 1820 1789 Records of the Court of Common Pleas  1806­1820 Records of the Provincial Court  1808­1809 Records of the Provincial Court  1813 Verdict of a Jury at New Carlisle, 1813­1814 Records of the Provincial Court  1818­1823 and 1826 1815­1860 Judgments of the Provincial Court, Acts of Protest, Summons to Testimony, and petitions of Curatelle and Tutelle. 1816 Untitled Relief Book. 1819­1824 Gaspé Land Claims Commission 1811­1827 Accounts of Commissioners for Goal (JAIL) Erection The 1816 "UNTITLED RELIEF BOOK" is perhaps one of the more informative documents located at the Protonotary's Office at New Carlisle. Although it deals with the crop failure of 1816 in the New Carlisle area; it contains a mini­history of almost 80 families. It gives dates of arrival in the area, the regiments of ex­soldiers, the ages of the claimants, mentions participation in famous battles, tells whether the person was married or single and how many children they had. As not everyone applied for relief, some important New Carlisle families such as Brotherton, Sherar, LeGallais, Gallie, etc are not mentioned.


Due to the poor harvest of 1816 the government allocated 100 barrels of flour to be sent to New Carlisle and rationed to the residents. This occurred in a age before the birth of the welfare state; the flour was not given away. It was sold at the rate of 4 pounds (sterling) per barrel!. If the person could not pay in cash, an equivalent amount of lumber (960 square feet of pine plank ) to be used in the construction of the county jail or firewood (8 cords) was accepted.

The next extract concerns the method of pavement of the persons who unloaded the schooner and of those who transported the flour from the shore to the store house. The above persons refused to take payement of their labour in government flour and insisted upon the senior commissioner in paying them out of his own pocket. Sullivan and Hall in particular stated as a reason for their conduct that they had enough of grain or flour of their own for the winter."

The remainder of the article will deal with information concerning the families that applied for relief. The original wording of the document has been retained as much as possible. Thus COX TOWNSHIP refers to New Carlisle, Hope Township to Hopetown, East ­Nouvelle to Shigawake, etc. Also the AMERICAN WAR OR AMERICAN REBELLION refer to the American War of Independence. then reading the LIST Of' PETITIONERS, please remember that it was originally written in 1816.



1 John Restell 

2 Charles Bujold  3 John McNairn  4 Pierre Marceau  Alexandre Marceau  5 William McAdams Sr. 6 Louis LeMare  7 William McAdams Jr.  James Stephans  8 William Wilson  9 Edward Powers  10 Pierre Bergeron  11 William Garrett Sr.  12 Thomas Fulham  13 Samuel Allen  14 Niel McKinnon Sr.  15 James Shannon  16 Baptiste LeBrasseur  17 Fragile Duguie (Duguay) 18 James Neilson  19 James Almond  20 Robert Flowers Sr.  21 Pierre Babin  22 Joseph Gautier Jr.  23 George Wright  24 Joseph Meiber  25 William McGear Sr.  26 James Ryan  27 Ortaille Poirier  28 Henry Pearson  29 Robert Caldwell  Andrew Caldwell  30 John Cordue  31 Johnston Kilgore  Joseph Marsh  32 Richard Smith  33 Hector Morrison  34 William Thompson  35 Robert Smollett  36 Richard Billingsly Sr.  37 Hector Ross  38 William Billingsly  39 Jacques Dugué (Duguay)  40 Charles Teriot  41 James Sawyer  42 Baptiste Enklehart (Anglehart)  43 Charlemange Dugué (Duguay)  44 Duncan McRae  45 John Doiy  46 Elizabeth Allain  47 Farquhar McRae  48 James Astles  49 Duncan McRae  50 Philip Main  51 John Ross  52 Peter Ramier  53 William Scott  54 Samuel Chatterton  55 John Caldwell  56 George Newland  57 John Rafter  58 John Chisholm  59 Mrs. John Travers  60 Christopher Pearson  61 Robert Flowers Jr.  62 David Scott  63 Michael Cotoye  64 Nicholas Renouf  65 Michel Obie  66 William Flowers  67 James Forsythe  68 Lewis Imhaugh (Imhoff)  69 Owen Poor (Powers)  70 Poclaine Munro  71 Cornelia Jeffries  72 Pierre Billene (?)  73 James Lambert  74 William Huntington  75 Isaac Mann  76 Jean LaRocque  77 Jacques Cronier  78 Jacques Baudry  79 Rosalinda Dugué (Duguay)  80 Peter Huard 

When considering the information contained in the "1816 UNTITLED RELIEF BOOK", it must be remembered that the relief program ~ not history, was their primary concern; thus the entries for some families are brief. If your surname appears in the list, it is possible but not necessary that it is one of your ancestors. One case in point is the Munro entry (#70) ; other documents in my possession indicate that the Munro's now living in the New Carlisle area are not related to this person but in fact are decended from the 'Factor' (manager) of the Hudson's Bay Post that then existed at Caraquet. 

(East Nouvelle is now called Shigawake; Hope is Hopetown; Cox is New Carlisle or Paspébiac)